Wed, 18 Jul 2007
Single Point of Failure
Pavlína has discovered that our home computer cannot connect to the network. So I have tried to ping it from work, no response. Call to the hotline of our ISP: number is not available. Traceroute has ended somewhere in CESNET (our academic network). Even their web site was unreachable.
Netbox link to NIX.CZ.
Looking at the graph of their link to NIX.CZ revealed that there has been indeed some problem with their network for last two hours. Apparently even their call center is connected over their network via VoIP. Talk about single point of failure.
6 replies for this story:
Vasek Stodulka wrote:
It is too hot for computers to operate. Karneval (my ISP) had two or three one hour outages yesterday... :/ What is even worse, I have no non-alcoholic drinks left in refidgerator and I am completely out if ice...
Miroslav Suchý wrote: Sitel power failure
It seems that Netbox go to the NIX through Sitel and their data center have big power failure. Reportedly bad circuit breaker. They have 3 source of power, big UPS and diesel generating set. But one wrong circuit breaker and everything goes to the ...
I think, Sitel power failure wasn't that problem. Other telcos in Sitel went without any problem. Netbox's NIX BGP peer was last reinicialized 6 weeks ago: r2>sh ip bgp neighbors 220.127.116.11 BGP neighbor is 18.104.22.168, remote AS 31246, external link Description: === NIX SMART COMP === Member of peer-group EBGP-NIX-SMALL for session parameters BGP version 4, remote router ID 22.214.171.124 BGP state = Established, up for 6w0d It seems, that Netbox has non redundat lines in their backbone (maybe Prague-Brno), they annonced redundant topology on their web [http://www.sc.cz/cz/index.php?pageid=43], but reality is probably different.
(Bezda: sorry for the removal of formatting - I need to fix the comment system). According to traceroutes, yesterday afternoon the Brno Netbox network has been routed through Jihlava (with a 30-40% packet loss). So there definitely is some redundancy, but probably the router in Jihlava (or the Brno-Jihlava line) could not handle the load. BTW, the page you mention also shows that since yesterday, the Netbox peering to SIX is also down. Interesting.
It seems they have only two 100Mbit lines between Brno and Jihlava, so the packet loss from yesterday was obvious: http://www.sc.cz/images/linestats/jih_brn_1.png and http://www.sc.cz/images/linestats/jih_brn_2.png. It would be nice if those statistics can be available in a better form than guessing the image URL from the name of other images.
These mrtg graphs (jih_brn_1.png and jih_brn_2.png) are identical, I guess that they only draw two graphs from one source :) And this is not only one example of non existent redundancy lines: (BRNO) brn_data_1.png == brn_data_2.png, brn_cbix1.png == brn_cbix2.png [http://www.cbix.cz/cs/pripojene-site - 1 connected port to CBIX], (JIHLAVA) jih_1.png == jih_2.png, and may be others... so where is no redundat lines, I guess there aren't redundat HW in topology, as they annonced on images on their web.
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Mon, 16 Jul 2007
Well, not really abuse, but a clever hack of a HTTP
header. While looking for information
about new "polyinstantiated directories" feature I have found the
namespace.conf(5) manpage on some web site.
The URL is
http://linux.die.net/man/5/namespace.conf, and it looks as an ordinary
page. However, when you do a Google search for
polyinstantiated directories and follow the link to
(today it was in the middle of the search results page),
the searched keywords get highlighted.
This cool hack aside, the subject itself (polyinstantiated directories)
is interesting on its own. It seems that the support for this has been
in the kernel for a while (check whether your
in fact a symlink to
/proc/self/mounts), the user-space
(Fedora rawhide) now supports it via the
pam_namespace PAM module.
Further reading on this topic include the SAGE-2006 talk by Russel Coker, and the
Documentation/sharedsubtree.txt file from the kernel sources.
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Thu, 12 Jul 2007
Dissecting a Hard Drive
In order to teach Iva something about computers (and, of course, out of my own curiosity), I brought a broken IBM 180 GB HDD home, and we have tried to dismantle it.
There was almost no surprise for me. The inner space of the drive was pretty simple and cleanly designed. Even the screws were almost uniform, with only two types of head used (Torx-10 and Torx-15). The interesting parts were the following:
- A magic smoke container (err, a silica-gel bag :-). Why they put a short-term lasting dessicant inside, when the drive is expected to live for three or more years?
- The motor is synchronous (commutator-less) four-point device, so it can be usable for hardware hacks as a stepper motor, but unfortunately not as a general motor without an additional circuitry. When I tried to rotate it by hand, in one direction it was much easier than in the other one. Can anybody explain this?
- Probably the most interesting parts were permanent magnets which are used for head movement. There are two small plates (about 1-2mm thick, maybe 4x1cm area) mounted to steel brackets, which are not tied together by anything else than the force of the magnets. And the magneds were strong: when playing with them we have accidentally put both magnets on top of each other, and I had hard time splitting them apart again. Anyone can think of a novel project with these magnets?
Our future project is to get an older drive and compare how the technology has advanced over the years.
3 replies for this story:
Věroš wrote: Magnets
Great idea, I need two magnets to emulate locking on my car's fuel tank. Going to disassemble some old hard drives.
misch wrote: magnets
They are probably Neodymium or SmCo (Samarium-Cobalt) magnets. Don't try to stick larger magnets of this kind to your refrigerator, thery are really strong, and you will have a hard time removing them! :-) BTW: There is a magnet-shop named 'rootra' in Prague (http://www.rootra.com/), where some people buy strong but small magnets for microcaches. Alas, no such shop in Brno, AFAIK.
Stepan wrote: magnets (again)
In Brno, you can buy Neodyms at Selos, see http://magnety.selos.cz/index.php?sekcia=produkty&idp=59 You can see small examplet at http://www.volny.cz/neodymmagnet/
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Tue, 10 Jul 2007
On Sunday I have visited Brno Technical Museum with Iva. I have not been there for maybe ten years. I think last time I was there was when the museum was still located in the centre of the city.
The museum is large, especially for a child like Iva, who get easily tired. We have only visited two expositions: an exposition of steam engines (they even have working models, propelled by compressed air instead of steam) and water turbines (which was a primary reason of our visit there, because Iva had seen a picture of a turbine in some book, and instead of trying to explain the workings of the turbine to her, I have decided to show a real thing to her).
The most interesting part of a museum, however, was the Experimentárium, a hall with real technical or physics experiments (like soap bubbles, parabolic sound reflectors, Foucault pendulum, photoelectric cells, etc.). Iva really liked this.
In my opinion, the Technical museum is worth visiting, and Iva really liked it. Recommended for everybody but technology haters.
2 replies for this story:
I wonder what will Iva do when she grows up :-)
I've been there and was very pleased - cheerful staff, willing to open, run and talk about various machines, amazing exhibits... Especially I can recommend mechanical music saloon, handicraft passage and useless, precise and beautiful clockwork contraptions of Karel Šebela.