of the most compelling features about C++ is code reuse.
But to be revolutionary, you need to be able to do a lot more than copy code
and change it.
the C approach, and it hasn’t worked very well. As with most everything
in C++, the solution revolves around the class. You reuse code by creating new
classes, but instead of creating them from scratch, you use existing classes
that someone else has built and debugged.
trick is to use the classes without soiling the existing code. In this chapter
you’ll see two ways to accomplish this. The first is quite
straightforward: You simply create objects of your existing class inside the
new class. This is called
the new class is composed of objects of existing classes.
second approach is more subtle. You create a new class as a
an existing class. You literally take the form of the existing class and add
code to it, without modifying the existing class. This magical act is called
and most of the work is done by the compiler. Inheritance is one of the
cornerstones of object-oriented programming and has additional implications
that will be explored in the next chapter.
turns out that much of the syntax and behavior are similar for both composition
and inheritance (which makes sense; they are both ways of making new types from
existing types). In this chapter, you’ll learn about these code reuse